In general, the Social Welfare Act defines both the types of harm and who is considered vulnerable under the law:
• Abuse | Physical, Sexual, Emotional or Mental
• Neglect | Either by a trusted caregiver or my themselves
• Exploitation |Loss of personal dignity by misuse of funds, property or physical body (such as human trafficking)
• An adult 18 years or older
• Has mental or physical impairment or advanced age (not defined in statute)
• Unable to protect him/her self from abuse, neglect or exploitation
The Social Welfare Act, MCL 400.11, provides the following definitions:
Harm or threatened harm to an adult’s health or welfare caused by another person. Abuse includes, but is not limited to, nonaccidental physical or mental injury, sexual abuse, or maltreatment.
A vulnerable adult not less than 18 years of age who is suspected of being or believed to be abused, neglected or exploited.
An action that involves the misuse of an adult’s funds, property, or personal dignity by another person.
Harm to an adult’s health or welfare caused by the inability of the adult to respond to a harmful situation or by the conduct of a person who assumes responsibility for a significant aspect of the adult’s health or welfare. Neglect includes the failure to provide adequate food, clothing, shelter, or medical care.
A person shall not be considered to be abused, neglected or in need of emergency or protective services for the sole reason that the person is receiving or relying upon treatment by spiritual means through prayer alone in accordance with the tenets and practices of a recognized church or religious denomination, and this act shall not require any medical care or treatment in contravention of the stated or implied objection of that person.
Includes, but is not limited to, remedial, social, legal, health, mental health, and referral services provided in response to a report of alleged harm or threatened harm because of abuse, neglect or exploitation.
A condition in which the adult is unable to protect himself or herself from abuse, neglect or exploitation because of a mental or physical impairment or because of advanced age.
275 W. Clay Ave., Suite 100
Muskegon, Michigan 49440
Monday - Friday:
7:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
The Tri-County Protection Team works to identify, advocate, and seek justice for adult victims of abuse, neglect, and financial exploitation within the Muskegon, Ottawa and Oceana counties of Michigan.
You can report any known or possible abuse at any time by calling the 24-hour hotline at 1-855-444-3911.
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